New National Education Policy
First of all, we have to know about the National Education Policy. It was situated in 1986 by Rajiv Gandhi Government. This policy is made by govt. of India to promote education in India. It covers Elementary education to colleges in rural as well as urban India.
- Firstly, National Education Policy was announced by the Indra Gandhi government in 1968.
- Secondly, National Education Policy was announced by the Rajiv Gandhi government in 1986. Later it was modified in 1992 by P.V. Narasimha Rao.
- Now, New National Education Policy is announced by Modi’s government on 29th July 2020.
New Changes in National Education Policy
- Ministry of Human Resource Development is now the Education Ministry.
- 10+2 is now replaced by 5+3+3+4. It is now divided into four stages:
- 3 years Anganwadi, playschool for students whose age is between 3-6 years.
- Multilevel play activity based on learning
- 2 years will be given to class 1 and class 2(age 6-8 years).
- Class 1 and Class 2 are also added in this foundation stage where the focus will be given on the development of language skills.
- The study will be provided with the help of games.
- This is the stage where the focus will be given to the basics of subjects
- In this stage, students will learn about the basics of math, science, etc.
- We will not give focus on cramming.
- We will follow a practical approach in this stage.
- Class 3,4 and 5 is covered in this stage(age 8-11 years)
- Skill development will be the main focused area in this stage.
- Coding, app development will be added in this stage.
- Vocational courses will be introduced in this stage.
- A 10-day bag less period to intern with local experts such as carpenter, artists, etc.
- Students can also do an internship during their holidays.
- Class 3,7 and 8 is covered in this stage( age 11-14 years)
- This stage includes multidisciplinary where the student will be able to pick and choose any subject from the available structure according to their interest.
- There will be no science or commerce side. Now the student can choose subjects according to their interest. For example, now a student can study history and biology together.
- The study will be goal-oriented. If you are good at games then you can focus on games too.
- Classes 9,10,11 and 12 is covered in this stage.(age 14-18)
Multiple Entry or Exit System
- After the 12th, if you join any graduation course and after 1 year or two years if you wanted to change your course then your time will not be wasted.
- If you complete one year of course then you will get a certificate.
- After completion of the 2nd year, you will get the basic diploma.
- If you complete your full graduation then you will get a degree.
- At each stage, academics credits are to be stored in the academic bank and these credits are to be used during the job.
- Now if you join b tech and after 1st year you think you should join another course then you can join. You will get a certificate for your one year given in b tech.
- Coding to be introduced from class 6 for students with internship program at companies.
- Private and Govt. colleges will have the same syllabus and same rules all over the states. Previously different subjects were taught in UP, different in Punjab, etc. Now all states will have the same subjects for all classes. For this, the National Research Foundation will be established.
- Now it is no more necessary to use the English language as a medium of teaching. It was noticed that most private school focuses on providing education to children in the English language. Now regional languages will be used to teach students up to class 5( three languages to be selected by the state.)
- The new educational system will focus on the overall 360-degree development of students. All behavior and other aspects will also be taken into consideration.
- There will be common entrance exam for universities now . This exam will be conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA).
- All colleges will be regulated by single body except Legal and Medical Colleges.
Other Main Key Points
- Open distance learning and online education will be provided in this new policy.
- Ethics education will be provided to students from starting.
- New teacher training board will be now setup for all kinds of teacher in the whole country and every state has to follow this.
- Now schools can conduct semester wise examination by taking exams twice a year. A board exam should promote knowledge instead of rote learning.
- There will be annual health checkup for all students.
- Now all textbooks must contain only essential core material.
- Board exams will be made easier as they will test only primarily core capacities of the students.
- The New National Education Policy will be implemented from this sep-oct 2020 and the timeline for fully implementing the National Education Policy is till 2040.
- If you are currently studying in 10th or 11th then most likely you will get benefits from next year and if you are in 12th then most likely you will get these benefits from graduation.
- If currently you are studying in abroad then now you can get back to India because now there you can get modern education with New National Education Policy
These are some of the important changes in our educational system. Now India’s educational system is like other modern countries. If you want to know about the merits and demerits of the new education policy then click here.